Episode 127: Individualizing racism when teaching the Civil Rights Movement with John Wills

In Episode 127, Dan and Michael chat with Dr. John Wills about his new article in Theory & Research in Social Education titled, “‘Daniel was racist’: Individualizing racism when teaching about the Civil Rights Movement.”

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Episode 127 John Wills

Books, Articles and Other Amazing Resources

  1. Wills, J. S. (2019). “Daniel was racist”: Individualizing racism when teaching about the Civil Rights Movement. Theory & Research in Social Education, 47(3), 396-425.
  2. Wills, J. S. (2019). Silencing racism: Remembering and forgetting race and racism in 11th grade US history classes. Teachers College Record, 121(4).
  3. Facing History and Ourselves has a number of great lessons: https://www.facinghistory.org/


John Wills, Ph.D. is an Associate Professor in the Graduate School of Education at the University of California, Riverside. His areas of research include history-social studies education, multicultural education, and schooling and collective memory. He has investigated the inclusion, exclusion, and representation of diverse peoples in history and social studies education in elementary and secondary classrooms, efforts to create more inclusive narratives of U.S. history, and the effects of high stakes standardized testing on elementary social studies curriculum and instruction. Most recently, he had investigated the representation of race and racism in high school U.S. history classes. See more on his university profile: https://profiles.ucr.edu/john.wills.

Episode 15: Indigenous (Mis)Representations in U.S. History with Sarah Shear

In episode 15, Michael and Dan talk with Sarah Shear about Indigenous (Mis)Representations in U.S. History.

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Books, articles, lessons, and other amazing resources

  1. Here is a link to everything that Sarah Shear has written!  
  2. Zinn, H. (1980) A People’s History of America. New York: HarperCollins Publishers.
  3. Loewen, J. W. (1995). Lies my teacher told me: Everything your American history textbook got wrong. New York: New Press.
  4. Shear, S.B., Knowles, R.T., Soden, G., & Castro, A.J. (2015). Manifesting destiny: Re/presentations of Indigenous people in K-12 U.S. history curriculum. Theory & Research in Social Education, 43(1), 68-101.
  5. The quote Michael cited was “The past is a foreign country; they do things differently there.”It was written by British novelist L.P. Hartley and opens his 1953 novel The Go-Between. There is also a movie.
  6. Dunbar-OrtizR., Gilio-Whitaker, D. (Upcoming). “All the Real Indians Died Off”: And 20 other myths about Native Americans. Boston, MA: Beacon Press.
  7. Dunbar-OrtizR. (2015). An indigenous people’s history to the United States: ReVisioning American history. Boston, MA: Beacon Press.
  8. The National Museum of the American Indian – Sarah mentioned this as a great resource with curricular materials
  9. Stanford History Education Group (SHEG). Battle of Little Bighorn lesson.
  10. Visions of Education Episode 10: C3 Frameworks with Kathy Swan


Sarah Shear is Assistant Professor of Social Studies Education at Penn State Altoona (which is fun to say…Altoona!). She can be contacted via email  – sbs5180@psu.edu – or you can follow (and chat with) on twitter – @SbShear!